Nearly every European city, town and village grew considerably in the twentieth century because of the unprecedented growth in European economies and populations. As a result, the stock of property in Europe increased rapidly. Existing properties now do not always meet the current needs. So they have to be transformed and/ or require maintenance, for example regarding energy efficiency. The maintenance and re-use of the existing stock is becoming an increasingly important task across Europe.

Although most parts of Europe are still experiencing population growth and economic growth, our cities, towns and villages will not expand as much this century as they did in the previous century. There is simply not enough room for this. Transformation is therefore the obvious solution for areas where there is growing demand for space. This means infill where possible in low-density urban districts and changing the designated use of sites that have become abandoned.

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